Relationship between adenylate cyclase sensitivity to follitropin and FSH receptor mRNA expression in the ovary of P. Sicula (Articolo in rivista)

Type
Label
  • Relationship between adenylate cyclase sensitivity to follitropin and FSH receptor mRNA expression in the ovary of P. Sicula (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2002-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Borrelli L., De Stasio R., Parisi E., Filosa S. (2002)
    Relationship between adenylate cyclase sensitivity to follitropin and FSH receptor mRNA expression in the ovary of P. Sicula
    in Molecular reproduction and development
    (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#autori
  • Borrelli L., De Stasio R., Parisi E., Filosa S. (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 210 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 215 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#numeroVolume
  • 62 (literal)
Rivista
Note
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
Titolo
  • Relationship between adenylate cyclase sensitivity to follitropin and FSH receptor mRNA expression in the ovary of P. Sicula (literal)
Abstract
  • In mammals, gonadal functions are regulated by two pituitary gonadotropins, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), that interact with gonadal membrane receptors to activate adenylate cyclase. In comparison to mammalian systems, in squamate reptiles a reduced amount of information exists on gonadotropins and their related receptors. This study is aimed at clarifying if, in the lizard Podarcis sicula, the ovarian sensitivity to FSH is correlated to the reproductive cycle and to the expression of membrane receptors involved in the hormone recognition. The results demonstrate that the ovarian adenylate cyclase responsiveness to FSH parallels ovarian functions, being maximal during the ovulatory period. The ovarian sensitivity to FSH is also related to oocyte growth and vitellogenesis. Northern blot analyses reveal that the FSH receptor mRNA is maximally expressed in vitellogenic oocytes during the reproductive period. These results suggest that, in lizard ovary, hormone activation of adenylate cyclase is mediated by de novo synthesis of receptors specifically involved in FSH recognition. In lizards treated in vivo with FSH during the pre-ovulatory period, adenylate cyclase becomes refractory to further FSH stimulation 2 hr after treatment, but sensitivity to the hormone is restored after 2 weeks. Nevertheless, while the restored level of activity never exceeds that observed during the nonreproductive period, the expression level of FSH receptor mRNAs is significantly enhanced in these animals. These results suggest that in lizard the processes that regulate ovarian growth, vitellogenesis, and ovulation are controlled by a complex network of signals including gonadotropin, FSH receptor expression, and adenylate cyclase. (literal)
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