Immigration in Italy: an overview. (Articolo in rivista)

  • Immigration in Italy: an overview. (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
  • 2008-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Immacolata Caruso, Bruno Venditto (2008)
    Immigration in Italy: an overview.
    in Maghreb review
  • Immacolata Caruso, Bruno Venditto (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 82 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 102 (literal)
  • 33 (literal)
  • Caruso I, Venditto B., Immigration in Italy: an overview, The Maghreb Review, VOL. 33, No. 1, 2008, SPECIAL NUMBER ON MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, 29 February 2008 (literal)
  • 20 (literal)
  • 1 (literal)
  • Google Scholar (literal)
  • RePEc: Research Papers in Economic (literal)
  • Istituto di Studi sulle società del Mediterraneo (literal)
  • Immigration in Italy: an overview. (literal)
  • International migrations in this time of fast globalisation and widening use of \"temporary job\" have become more and more like a multifaceted path, where geography and the search for a better life entangle; while at the same time the possibility of coming back to the point of origin of the \"journey\" or to be \"continuously\" on the move is never completely ruled out. In such context migrations are parts of a transnational context where while the individual may gain with the gradual access to the rights of citizenship in the host country, over all benefits are envisaged from migration for both the country of origin and that of destination of migrants. The key word used by policy maker in the general debate on international migration is in fact \"co-development\" which is used to indicate a parallel and synergic development, between the country of origin and of destination where the migrant represents the driving factor. When analysing migration in the Mediterranean context it is important, however, to stress that there has been a significant shift of vision in the last twenty years. In the fifties and sixties migration was still seen as an important factor of \"economic complementarities\" and \"virtuous interdependence\" between Western Europe and African Mediterranean countries. Now a day, particularly as result of the increase of irregular and illegal flows, migration is more and more a cause of serious concern in the receiving countries and often origin friction among the same Mediterranean countries of both northern and southern shores. To try to find a solution to that, in the recent years a wide range of initiatives of dialogue and cooperation between country of migration and country of immigration have been taken place. This has originated a plethora of networks which do stress the importance of strengthening together with the bilateral cooperation, which is monopolised by the European Union (EU) initiative, the multilateral and regional dimension of cooperation in the area of migration. In fact economic and demographic imbalances between the country of origin and of destination of migrants while do not justify by themselves migration, do, still, account a great deal for it. As noted in the Final Report of the United Nation Global Commission on International Migration 2005, the driving forces behind migration can still be represented by the \"3Ds\"; imbalances in: Development, Demography and Democracy. Italy in such setting being on the one hand one of the most \"looked for\" destination of migrants and on the other one a member of the EU appears to be an ideal case study to try to understand the complexity of the migration phenomenon and the mechanisms which regulate the Euro- Mediterranean relationship on such subject. In this article after a brief description of the international migration context, we are going to analyse the status of foreign population resident in Italy, its distribution on the territory and the impact on the Italian labour sector; linking all that with the euro Mediterranean migration context. (literal)
  • The expansion and the rooting of non European immigrants which is taking place in the more advanced European countries, mirror a world context which is marked by imbalances both in terms of growth and welfare. A correct analysis of migration, of its structural characteristics and of the new dynamics of migration flows must consider the globalisation process as well as the effect that this is having with regard to the movement of people, in this context the pull and push factors mutually reinforce a phenomenon which can influence either in a positive or in a negative way the international relationships among countries. In the last quarter of the century, a steady increase of migrants have crossed Europe; this has generated a complex relationship made of integration and rejection, adaptation and conflicts, which has influenced all aspect of both economic and social life, producing new phenomenon, giving birth to new problems which require new approaches and solutions. Italy is part of such depiction since has witnessed in the last decades, a solid influx of immigrants which have increased with a high rate of growth. In fact in 2006 Italy with 2,938,922 legal immigrants, appears to be among the major destination of migrants in Europe, following Germany, Spain and France with 7,287,980, 3,371,394 and 3,263,186 immigrants respectively and just before Great Britain with 2,857,000 immigrants. Using the available statistical data, disaggregated at national, regional and provincial level, it will be possible to have an overall picture of the phenomenon described above and to compare the Italian case with the events in the other European countries. In this way we can have a better understanding of the process underlying migration in order to identify future scenarios (literal)
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