Efectul asupra procesului de ardere al amestecurilor de benzina/motorina si n-butanol/motorina la un motor cu aprindere prin comprimare cu vizualizare optica (Articolo in rivista)

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Label
  • Efectul asupra procesului de ardere al amestecurilor de benzina/motorina si n-butanol/motorina la un motor cu aprindere prin comprimare cu vizualizare optica (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2011-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Tornatore C., Marchitto L., Mazzei A., Valentino G., Esposito Corcione F., Merola S.S. (2011)
    Efectul asupra procesului de ardere al amestecurilor de benzina/motorina si n-butanol/motorina la un motor cu aprindere prin comprimare cu vizualizare optica
    (literal)
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  • Tornatore C., Marchitto L., Mazzei A., Valentino G., Esposito Corcione F., Merola S.S. (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 9 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 11 (literal)
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  • 19 (literal)
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  • In rumeno. (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#affiliazioni
  • Istituto Motori, CNR, Napoli. (literal)
Titolo
  • Efectul asupra procesului de ardere al amestecurilor de benzina/motorina si n-butanol/motorina la un motor cu aprindere prin comprimare cu vizualizare optica (literal)
Abstract
  • Effect on combustion process of gasoline/diesel and n-butanol/diesel blends in an optical compression ignition engine. To meet the future stringent emission standards, innovative diesel engine technology, exhaust gas after-treatment, and clean alternative fuels are required. Oxygenated fuels have showed a tendency to decrease internal combustion engine emissions. In the same time, advanced fuel injection modes can promote a further reduction of the pollutants at the exhaust without penalty for the combustion efficiency. One of the more interesting solutions is provided by the premixed low temperature combustion (PLTC) mechanism jointly to lower-cetane, higher-volatility fuels. To understand the role played by these factors on soot formation, optical techniques and were applied in a high swirl multi-jets compression ignition engine. Combustion tests were carried out using three fuels: commercial diesel, a blend of 80% diesel with 20% gasoline (G20) and a blend of 80% diesel with 20% n-butanol (BU20). The fuels were tested at 70MPa injection pressure and different timings using an open Common Rail injection system. At late injection timing coupled to high EGR rate (50%), the blends increased the ignition delay allowing to operate in partially premixed LTC (PPLTC) regime in which the fuel is completely injected before the start of combustion. Strong reduction of engine out emissions of smoke and NOx were obtained but with a little penalty on engine efficiency. This limitation was overcome operating at earlier injection timing in which a mixing controlled combustion (MCC) LTC regime was realized. In this regime, a good compromise between low engine out emissions and efficiency was achieved. (literal)
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