Chironomids from Southern Alpine running waters: ecology, biogeography (Articolo in rivista)

  • Chironomids from Southern Alpine running waters: ecology, biogeography (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
  • 2006-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Rossaro B.(1), Lencioni V.(2), Boggero A., Marziali L.(1) (2006)
    Chironomids from Southern Alpine running waters: ecology, biogeography
    in Hydrobiologia (The Hague. Print)
  • Rossaro B.(1), Lencioni V.(2), Boggero A., Marziali L.(1) (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 231 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 246 (literal)
  • 562 (literal)
  • Studio tassonomico, ecologico e biogeografico condotto sulla fauna a Chironomidi di corsi d’acqua dell’arco alpino situati in alta quota. Si evidenzia l’influenza dei cambiamenti climatici (scomparsa dei ghiacciai) e degli impatti antropici diretti sulla distribuzione in specie: infatti, temperatura, idrologia e morfologia dei rispettivi bacini influenzano la presenza/assenza dei diversi taxa (literal)
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
  • (1)Dipartimento di Zoologia, Sez. Ecologia, Università di Milano; (2)Sezione di Zoologia Invertebrati e Idrobiologia, Museo Tridentino di Scienze Naturali (Trento) (literal)
  • Chironomids from Southern Alpine running waters: ecology, biogeography (literal)
  • The chironomid fauna living in running waters in the southern Alps was investigated from a taxonomical, ecological and biogeographical point of view: 202 species were identified (not including terrestrial species). It must be emphasised that species identification is tentative within some genera, especially those awaiting revision (e.g., Boreoheptagyia, Syndiamesa, Chaetocladius). Although much taxonomic work was done in the past on the chironomid Alpine fauna, there are still many unsolved problems. Most of the species found are widespread in the Palearctic Region, with no evidence of bio-geographical barriers separating different Alpine sectors. Really a relatively high number of species reported from the northern and western side (France, Switzerland, Austria) of the Alps were not captured on the southern side (Italy), whereas most of those found on the southern side are also present on the northern one. Very few species are reported from southern side only. Lack of sampling, imperfect taxonomic knowledge and different environmental conditions between the northern and southern sides may be responsible of this result. A comparison of the fauna of the southern Alps with the fauna of the Apennines suggests that in this case the differences are probably more related to ecological conditions (lack of glaciers in the Apennines) than to biogeographical barriers. Different chironomid assemblages colonise manifold habitat types: strict cold-stenothermal species tolerating high current velocity (e.g., Diamesa latitarsis - steinboecki group) are almost the sole inhabitants of kryal biotopes, while other cold-stenothermal species are restricted to cold springs (Diamesa dampfi, D. incallida, Tokunagaia rectangularis, T. tonollii), there are also species characteristic of hygropetric habitats (Syndiamesa edwardsi, S. nigra) or restricted to lacustrine habitats (Corynoneura lacustris, Paratanytarsus austriacus). It must be emphasised that different responses to environmental factors can be observed between species belonging to the same genus (e.g., Diamesa, Eukiefferiella, Orthocladius, Paratrichocladius), so species identification is really needed for a good ecological work. Water temperature, current velocity, substrate type are the most critical factors, sometime chironomid species appear to be rather opportunistic and their presence or absence cannot be clearly related to a well defined range of values of environmental variables: be it a lack of knowledge or a real datum will be the task of future studies. The waters of the Alps are still relatively unpolluted, but hydraulic stress due to river damming and canalization is a serious problem for macrofauna conservation, and as the glaciers retreat the species confined to the glacial snouts are at risk of extinction, some of them possibly even before their existence be discovered. (literal)
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