Spatial periodicity in molecular switching (Articolo in rivista)

  • Spatial periodicity in molecular switching (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
  • 2008-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Dri, C; Peters, MV; Schwarz, J; Hecht, S; Grill, L (2008)
    Spatial periodicity in molecular switching
    in Nature nanotechnology (Print)
  • Dri, C; Peters, MV; Schwarz, J; Hecht, S; Grill, L (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 649 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 653 (literal)
  • 3 (literal)
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
  • \"[Peters, Maike V.; Schwarz, Jutta; Hecht, Stefan] Humboldt Univ, Dept Chem, D-12489 Berlin, Germany; [Dri, Carlo] Univ Trieste, Dept Phys, I-34127 Trieste, Italy; [Dri, Carlo] Univ Trieste, CENMAT, I-34127 Trieste, Italy; [Dri, Carlo] CNR INFM, Lab TASC, Area Sci Pk, I-34012 Basovizza Trieste, Italy; [Dri, Carlo; Grill, Leonhard] Free Univ Berlin, Dept Expt Phys, D-14195 Berlin, Germany (literal)
  • Spatial periodicity in molecular switching (literal)
  • The ultimate miniaturization of future devices will require the use of functional molecules at the nanoscale and their integration into larger architectures(1,2). Switches represent a prototype of such functional molecules because they exhibit characteristic states of different physical/chemical properties, which can be addressed reversibly(3). Recently, various switching entities have been studied and switching of single molecules on surfaces has been demonstrated(4-13). However, for functional molecules to be used in a future device, it will be necessary to selectively address individual molecules, preferentially in an ordered pattern. Here, we show that azobenzene derivatives in the trans form, adsorbed in a homogeneous two-dimensional layer, can be collectively switched with spatial selectivity, thus forming a periodic pattern of cis isomers. We find that the probability of a molecule switching is not equally distributed, but is strongly dependent on both the surrounding molecules and the supporting surface, which precisely determine the switching capability of each individual molecule. Consequently, exactly the same lattices of cis isomers are created in repeated erasing and reswitching cycles. Our results demonstrate a conceptually new approach to spatially addressing single functional molecules. (literal)
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