Levels, chemical composition and sources of fine aerosol particles (PM1) in an area of the Mediterranean basin (Articolo in rivista)

Type
Label
  • Levels, chemical composition and sources of fine aerosol particles (PM1) in an area of the Mediterranean basin (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2010-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#doi
  • 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.10.064 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Caggiano R; Macchiato M; Trippetta S (2010)
    Levels, chemical composition and sources of fine aerosol particles (PM1) in an area of the Mediterranean basin
    in Science of the total environment
    (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#autori
  • Caggiano R; Macchiato M; Trippetta S (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 884 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 895 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#numeroVolume
  • 408 (literal)
Rivista
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#pagineTotali
  • 12 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#numeroFascicolo
  • 4 (literal)
Note
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#affiliazioni
  • IMAA, Istituto di Metodologie per l'Analisi Ambientale, CNR, C.da S. Loja, Z.I. 85050 Tito Scalo (PZ), Italy (literal)
Titolo
  • Levels, chemical composition and sources of fine aerosol particles (PM1) in an area of the Mediterranean basin (literal)
Abstract
  • Daily samples of fine aerosol particles (i.e., PM1, aerosol particles with an aerodynamic diameter less than 1.0 mu m) were collected in Tito Scalo - Southern Italy - from April 2006 to March 2007. Measurements were performed by means of a low-volume gravimetric sampler, and each PM1 sample was analyzed by means of Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) or Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS and FAAS) techniques in order to determine its content in fourteen trace elements (Al, Ca, Cd, C, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Ti and Zn). During the period examined, PM1 daily concentrations ranged between 0.3 mu g m(-3) and 55 mu g m(-3) with a mean value of 8 mu g m(-3), a standard deviation of 7 mu g m(-3) and a median value of 6 mu g m(-3). As far as PM1 chemical composition is concerned, the mean values of the trace element concentrations decreased in the following order: Ca > Fe > Al > Na > K > Cr > Mg > Pb > Ni approximate to Ti approximate to Zn > Cd approximate to Cu > Mn. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) allowed the identification of three probable PM1 sources: industrial emissions, traffic and re-suspension of soil dust. Moreover, the results of a procedure applied to study the potential long-range transport contribution to PM I chemical composition, showed that trace element concentrations do not seem to be affected by air mass origin and path. This was probably due to the strong impact of the local emission sources and the lack of the concentration measurements of some important elements and compounds that could better reveal the long-range transport influence on PM1 measurements at ground level. (literal)
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