Vulnerability of industrial facilities to attacks with improvised explosive devices aimed at triggering domino scenarios (Articolo in rivista)

Type
Label
  • Vulnerability of industrial facilities to attacks with improvised explosive devices aimed at triggering domino scenarios (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2015-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#doi
  • 10.1016/j.ress.2015.03.004 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Landucci, Gabriele; Reniers, Genserik L L; Cozzani, Valerio; Salzano, Ernesto (2015)
    Vulnerability of industrial facilities to attacks with improvised explosive devices aimed at triggering domino scenarios
    in Reliability engineering & systems safety
    (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#autori
  • Landucci, Gabriele; Reniers, Genserik L L; Cozzani, Valerio; Salzano, Ernesto (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#url
  • http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?eid=2-s2.0-84925729299&origin=inward (literal)
Rivista
Note
  • Scopu (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#affiliazioni
  • Universita di Pisa; Delft University of Technology; Faculty of Economics and organizational sciences; Alma Mater Studiorum Universita di Bologna; Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (literal)
Titolo
  • Vulnerability of industrial facilities to attacks with improvised explosive devices aimed at triggering domino scenarios (literal)
Abstract
  • Process- and chemical plants may constitute a critical target for a terrorist attack. In the present study, the analysis of industrial accidents induced by intentional acts of interference is carried out focusing on accident chains triggered by attacks with home-made (improvised) explosives. The effects of blast waves caused by improvised explosive devices are compared with those expected from a net equivalent charge of TNT by using a specific methodology for the assessment of stand-off distances. It is demonstrated that a home-made explosive device has a TNT efficiency comprised between 0.2 and 0.5. The model was applied to a case study, demonstrating the potentiality of improvised explosives in causing accident escalation sequences and severe effects on population and assets. The analysis of the case-study also allowed obtaining suggestions for an adequate security management. (literal)
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