Origin, transport and discharge of C02 in central Italy. (Articolo in rivista)

  • Origin, transport and discharge of C02 in central Italy. (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
  • 2004-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
  • 10.1016/j.earscirev.2003.09.001 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Minissale A. (2004)
    Origin, transport and discharge of C02 in central Italy.
    in Earth-science reviews
  • Minissale A. (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 89 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 141 (literal)
  • http://www.journals.elsevier.com/earth-science-reviews/ (literal)
  • 66 (literal)
  • DOI:10.1016/j.earscirev.2003.09.001. (literal)
  • 1-2 (literal)
  • Scopu (literal)
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
  • CNR- IGG, via G. La Pira 4, 50121 Firenze (literal)
  • Origin, transport and discharge of C02 in central Italy. (literal)
  • This paper reviews published geochemical and isotopic data (together with new data) on: (1) thermal and cold springs emerging after long circulation in a regional Mesozoic carbonate reservoir; (2) gas vents (mostly CO2) associated with thermal and cold springs and those emerging as dry gas emissions; and (3) active and fossil travertine deposits in a large sector of central–southern Italy, from Florence to south of Naples. The origin and transport of CO2 and its effects on water–rock interactions during transfer through the shallow crust and discharge to the atmosphere are described. Diagrams and cross-comparison of isodistribution maps of: (1) heat-flow; (2) delta18O of thermal springs; (3) elevation of thermal springs; (4) calculated pCO2 in thermal springs; (5) 3He/4He ratio in gas vents; (6) Sr concentration in thermal springs; (7) Sr concentration in travertines; (8) delta13C in CO2 gas emissions; and (9) delta13C of fossil and active travertines, show systematic geographic zonation in values of delta13C in CO2 gas and travertines, Sr concentration in thermal springs and travertines, pCO2 in thermal springs and the 3He/4He ratio in gas phases sampled at surface in central–southern Italy from the western back-arc volcanic Tyrrhenian sector towards the eastern foredeep Adriatic sector. In their lateral westward flow towards the Tyrrhenian coast, meteoric waters precipitating in the high eastern Apennine range mix with ascending magmatic, metamorphic and geothermal fluids in the highly permeable Mesozoic limestones. This fluid mixing causes transfer of poorly condensable components (among which CO2 and H2S) into the regional aquifer and enhances dissolution of limestone to occur faster than in typical, non-thermal karst systems. The carbon isotopic compositions of travertines precipitated along the peri-Tyrrhenian sector are correlated with the carbon isotopic compositions of parent CO2 (metamorphic or organic), whereas the 87Sr/86Sr ratios of travertines inherit the isotopic signature of the dissolved Mesozoic carbonate rock. Although subduction is presently inactive in the northern–central Apennines, the distribution of fluids is typical of active volcanic arcs. Because travertine precipitation is clearly related to climate conditions and all dated travertines in Italy are younger than 500 ka, the analysis of data, in particular the parallel areal distribution of Sr concentration in present thermal springs and fossil travertines, suggests that the westward regional fluid motion has been ongoing since at least 500 ka. (literal)
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