Observational evidences of viscoelastic behaviour at low strain (Abstract/Poster in atti di convegno)

  • Observational evidences of viscoelastic behaviour at low strain (Abstract/Poster in atti di convegno) (literal)
  • 2014-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
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  • Daminelli R., A. Marcellini, A.Tento (2014)
    Observational evidences of viscoelastic behaviour at low strain
    in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2014, vienna, 27 aprile 2014
  • Daminelli R., A. Marcellini, A.Tento (literal)
  • 16 (literal)
  • Poster (literal)
  • IDPA -CNR (literal)
  • Observational evidences of viscoelastic behaviour at low strain (literal)
  • Theoretical formulations of inhomogeneous waves in low-loss media have been suggested by a number of researchers due to the important role played by anelasticity in changing the characteristics of seismic waves. The Homogeneous Isotropic Linear Viscoelastic Model (HILV) introduced by Borcherdt (2009) is particularly promising because of its mathematical simplicity and the handiness to test the model in real seismograms. We showed that the seismograms of the explosion, in 2007, of a 2nd World War bomb found in Milan recorded by a seismic station at 2 Km epicentral distance, exhibit a clear elliptical prograde P wave particle motion (Marcellini and Tento, 2011) as predicted by HILV. We observed a similar P wave prograde elliptical motion analysing a ML 4.8 earthquake that occurred on July 17, 2011 in the Po Valley at a 48 km epicentral distance from a seismic station located at Palazzo Te, Mantova (Daminelli et al., 2013). In both cases the stations were situated on deep quaternary sediments of the Po Valley. Based on the measured Vp and Vs and the amplitude of the recorded motion, the strain at the station sites was estimated to be 10e-6 - 10e-7. In this paper we extended the analysis of the previously mentioned seismograms to check the feasibility of the HILV application to other types of waves that are particularly relevant in fields such as engineering seismology. We focus on the S waves (as it is well known that HILV predicts the split of S in S type I and S type II ) of the seismograms of the earthquake recorded in Mantova. The results show that observational evidences of HILV are not as clear as for P waves, probably because of noise or superposition of converted waves. However, once the validity of HILV by P waves is established, the whole seismogram can be interpreted following HILV, confirming the relevancy of anelasticity also at low strain. (literal)
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