The behavioural ecology of two sympatric talitrid species, Talitrus saltator (Montagu) and Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) on a Tyrrhenian sandy beach dune system (Articolo in rivista)

Type
Label
  • The behavioural ecology of two sympatric talitrid species, Talitrus saltator (Montagu) and Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) on a Tyrrhenian sandy beach dune system (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2013-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#doi
  • 10.1016/j.ecss.2012.09.016 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Isabella Colombini; Mario Fallaci; Elena Gagnarli; Claudia Rossano; Felicita Scapini; Lorenzo Chelazzi (2013)
    The behavioural ecology of two sympatric talitrid species, Talitrus saltator (Montagu) and Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) on a Tyrrhenian sandy beach dune system
    in Estuarine, coastal and shelf science (Print); Elsevier, New York (Stati Uniti d'America)
    (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#autori
  • Isabella Colombini; Mario Fallaci; Elena Gagnarli; Claudia Rossano; Felicita Scapini; Lorenzo Chelazzi (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 37 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 47 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#numeroVolume
  • 117 (literal)
Rivista
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#pagineTotali
  • 11 (literal)
Note
  • Scopus (literal)
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#affiliazioni
  • Isabella Colombini; Mario Fallaci; Elena Gagnarli;Lorenzo Chelazzi: CNR ISE Firenze; Claudia Rossano; Felicita Scapini: Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica \"Leo Pardi\", Universit√† degli Studi di Firenze (literal)
Titolo
  • The behavioural ecology of two sympatric talitrid species, Talitrus saltator (Montagu) and Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) on a Tyrrhenian sandy beach dune system (literal)
Abstract
  • The behavioural ecology of a sub-population of Talitrus saltator living on the sandy shore of the Maremma Regional Park (Italy) was compared with that of Orchestia gammarellus inhabiting the retrodunal dune slack area. Monthly monitoring over a year determined the mean distribution patterns, their changes and whether these overlapped. Standard pitfall traps were placed along transects across the beach-dune-dune slack area. Experiments analysed the diel activity rhythms during spring and the activity patterns of the different age classes and the two sexes were compared within and between species. Local environmental conditions were registered with a microclimatic station. During May and September, plant hummocks were monitored to see whether surface movements of O. gammarellus could be restricted to certain periods of the year and to estimate densities within the vegetation. The plant biomass and moisture conditions within the hummocks were also recorded and substratum samples were collected at the base of the shrubs for laboratory analysis. To test for visual cues, orientation experiments with and without landscape view were carried out on the beach during morning and afternoon hours and contemporaneously for each species. Experiments to test the diel variation of scototaxis to a black shape were also performed over a 24 h period of time under controlled conditions. There was a spatial partitioning of the two species, with T saltator moving along a sea land axis according to diel and seasonal changes and with some individuals reaching the back of the dune in particular environmental conditions. No spatial overlap with the zonation patterns of O. gammarellus was observed, which was restricted to the dune slack area. Nocturnal surface activity was observed for both species with juveniles peaking at dawn and with O. gammarellus being strictly more nocturnal than T saltator. Orientation experiments showed a higher ability of T saltator to orient towards the shoreline using solar and local cues, whereas O. gammarellus seemed to have a stronger scototaxis. Differences in the behavioural responses are discussed in terms of the species ecological adaptations to their particular habitats. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (literal)
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