Detection of Hazardous Cavities Below a Road Using Combined Geophysical Methods (Articolo in rivista)

  • Detection of Hazardous Cavities Below a Road Using Combined Geophysical Methods (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
  • 2014-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
  • 10.1007/s10712-013-9277-4 (literal)
Alternative label
  • De Giorgi L.; Leucci G. (2014)
    Detection of Hazardous Cavities Below a Road Using Combined Geophysical Methods
    in Surveys in geophysics
  • De Giorgi L.; Leucci G. (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 1003 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 1021 (literal)
  • (literal)
  • 35 (literal)
  • 4 (literal)
  • Scopu (literal)
  • Institute for Archaeological and Monumental Heritage, National Research Council, Lecce, Italy (literal)
  • Detection of Hazardous Cavities Below a Road Using Combined Geophysical Methods (literal)
  • Assessment of the risk arising from near-surface natural hazard is a crucial step in safeguarding the security of the roads in karst areas. It helps authorities and other related parties to apply suitable procedures for ground treatment, mitigate potential natural hazards and minimize human and economic losses. Karstic terrains in the Salento Peninsula (Apulia region-South Italy) is a major challenge to engineering constructions and roads due to extensive occurrence of cavities and/or sinkholes that cause ground subsidence and both roads and building collapse. Cavities are air/sediment-filled underground voids, commonly developed in calcarenite sedimentary rocks by the infiltration of rainwater into the ground, opening up, over a long period of time, holes and tunnels. Mitigation of natural hazards can best be achieved through careful geoscientific studies. Traditionally, engineers use destructive probing techniques for the detection of cavities across regular grids or random distances. Such probing is insufficient on its own to provide confidence that cavities will not be encountered. Frequency of probing and depth of investigation may become more expensive. Besides, probing is intrusive, non-continuous, slow, expensive and cannot provide a complete lateral picture of the subsurface geology. Near-surface cavities usually can be easily detected by surface geophysical methods. Traditional and recently developed measuring techniques in seismic, geoelectrics and georadar are suitable for economical investigation of hazardous, potentially collapsing cavities. The presented research focused on an integrated geophysical survey that was carried out in a near-coast road located at Porto Cesareo, a small village a few kilometers south west of Lecce (south Italy). The roads in this area are intensively affected by dangerous surface cracks that cause structural instability. The survey aimed to image the shallow subsurface structures, including karstic features, and evaluate their extent, as they may cause rock instability and lead to cracking of the road. Seismic refraction tomography and ground-penetrating radar surveys were carried out along several parallel traverses extending about 100 m on the cracked road. The acquired data were processed and interpreted integrally to elucidate the shallow structural setting of the site. Integrated interpretation led to the delineation of hazard zones rich with karstic features in the area. Most of these karstic features are associated with vertical and subvertical linear features and cavities. These features are the main reason of the rock instability that resulted in potentially dangerous cracking of road. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. (literal)
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