Compaction-induced stress variations with depth in an active anticline: Northern Apennines, Italy (Articolo in rivista)

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  • Compaction-induced stress variations with depth in an active anticline: Northern Apennines, Italy (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2010-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#doi
  • 10.1029/2009JB006395 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Carminati E.; Scrocca D.; Doglioni C. (2010)
    Compaction-induced stress variations with depth in an active anticline: Northern Apennines, Italy
    in Journal of geophysical research
    (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#autori
  • Carminati E.; Scrocca D.; Doglioni C. (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • B02401 (literal)
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  • http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2010/2009JB006395.shtml (literal)
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  • 115 (literal)
Rivista
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  • DOI:10.1029/2009JB006395 (literal)
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  • Scopu (literal)
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#affiliazioni
  • Carminati E.; Doglioni C. - Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Universita` degli Studi di Roma ''La Sapienza,'' Rome, Italy. Scrocca D. - Istituto di Geologia Ambientale e Geoingegneria, CNR, Rome, Italy. (literal)
Titolo
  • Compaction-induced stress variations with depth in an active anticline: Northern Apennines, Italy (literal)
Abstract
  • It is shown that the stress field can vary with depth, even within a homogeneous tectonic setting, as documented for the active Mirandola fault-related fold along the buried front of the northern Apennines. Analyses of borehole breakouts and other well data, integrated with seismological information and field evidence, show that extension perpendicular to the fold axis, above approximately 1200 m, changes to a strike-slip stress field and finally to compression near the main detachment at depth. Similar along-depth strain variations recognized in non-active anticlines are usually explained by invoking tangential longitudinal strain folding (i.e., stretching above and shortening below a neutral surface) or gravitational instabilities. However, in this study, we propose that differential compaction may play a significant and generally overlooked role. With the aid of numerical modeling, it is shown that where fold limbs are onlapped by highly compactable deposits (as in the Mirandola area), differential compaction induces stretching at shallow (<1-2 km) depths. The amount of stretching is a function of the shape of the fold and of the thickness of the syn-tectonic sediments. We conclude that in the Mirandola case study, the stress variations observed with depth are the result of a combination of a regional compression at depth and local tension driven by differential compaction of growth strata on the limbs of the anticline with respect to its crest. (literal)
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