Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Khopoli mafic intrusion, Deccan Traps, India. (Articolo in rivista)

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  • Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Khopoli mafic intrusion, Deccan Traps, India. (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2014-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#doi
  • 10.1007/s00710-013-0309-z (literal)
Alternative label
  • Cucciniello C.[1], Choudhary A.K.[2], Zanetti A.[3], Sheth H.C.[4], Vichare S.[4], Pereira R. [4] (2014)
    Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Khopoli mafic intrusion, Deccan Traps, India.
    in Mineralogy and petrology; Springer Wien, Wien (Austria)
    (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#autori
  • Cucciniello C.[1], Choudhary A.K.[2], Zanetti A.[3], Sheth H.C.[4], Vichare S.[4], Pereira R. [4] (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 333 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 351 (literal)
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  • http://link.springer.com/journal/710 (literal)
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  • 108 (literal)
Rivista
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  • 19 (literal)
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  • 3 (literal)
Note
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
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  • [1] Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell'Ambiente e delle Risorse (DiSTAR), Universit√† di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy [2] Institute Instrumentation Center, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR), Roorkee, India [3] CNR-Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse (IGG), Sezione di Pavia, Italy [4] Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IITB), India (literal)
Titolo
  • Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Khopoli mafic intrusion, Deccan Traps, India. (literal)
Abstract
  • The Khopoli intrusion, exposed at the base of the Thakurvadi Formation of the Deccan Traps in the Western Ghats, India, is composed of olivine gabbro with 50-55 % modal olivine, 20-25 % plagioclase, 10-15 % clinopyroxene, 5-10 % low-Ca pyroxene, and < 5 % Fe-Ti oxides. It represents a cumulate rock from which trapped interstitial liquid was almost completely expelled. The Khopoli olivine gabbros have high MgO (23.5-26.9 wt.%), Ni (733-883 ppm) and Cr (1,432-1,048 ppm), and low concentrations of incompatible elements including the rare earth elements (REE). The compositions of the most primitive cumulus olivine and clinopyroxene indicate that the parental magma of the Khopoli intrusion was an evolved basaltic melt (Mg# 49-58). Calculated parental melt compositions in equilibrium with clinopyroxene are moderately enriched in the light REE and show many similarities with Deccan tholeiitic basalts of the Bushe, Khandala and Thakurvadi Formations. Nd-Sr isotopic compositions of Khopoli olivine gabbros (epsilon Nd-t = -9.0 to -12.7; Sr-87/Sr-86 = 0.7088-0.7285) indicate crustal contamination. AFC modelling suggests that the Khopoli olivine gabbros were derived from a Thakurvadi or Khandala-like basaltic melt with variable degrees of crustal contamination. Unlike the commonly alkalic, pre- and post-volcanic intrusions known in the Deccan Traps, the Khopoli intrusion provides a window to the shallow subvolcanic architecture and magmatic processes associated with the main tholeiitic flood basalt sequence. Measured true density values of the Khopoli olivine gabbros are as high as 3.06 g/cm(3), and such high-level olivine-rich intrusions in flood basalt provinces can also explain geophysical observations such as high gravity anomalies and high seismic velocity crustal horizons. (literal)
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