Early responses to cadmium of two poplar clones that differ in stress tolerance (Articolo in rivista)

Type
Label
  • Early responses to cadmium of two poplar clones that differ in stress tolerance (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2014-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#doi
  • 10.1016/j.jplph.2014.08.007 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Daniela Di Baccio, Antonella Castagna, Roberto Tognetti, Annamaria Ranieri, Luca Sebastiani (2014)
    Early responses to cadmium of two poplar clones that differ in stress tolerance
    in Journal of plant physiology (Print)
    (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#autori
  • Daniela Di Baccio, Antonella Castagna, Roberto Tognetti, Annamaria Ranieri, Luca Sebastiani (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 1693 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 1705 (literal)
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  • 171 (literal)
Rivista
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#pagineTotali
  • 13 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#affiliazioni
  • BioLabs, Istituto di Scienze della Vita, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Piazza Martiri della Libert√† 33, 56127 Pisa, Italy; Istituto di Biologia Agroambientale e Forestale, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Salaria km 29,300, 00015 Monterotondo Scalo, Italy; Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Agro-Ambientali, Universit√† di Pisa, Via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy; Dipartimento di Bioscienze e Territorio, Universit√† degli Studi del Molise, Contrada Fonte Lappone, 86090 Pesche, Italy (literal)
Titolo
  • Early responses to cadmium of two poplar clones that differ in stress tolerance (literal)
Abstract
  • Soil cadmium (Cd) contamination is becoming a matter of great global concern. The identification of plants differentially sensitive to Cd excess is of interest for the selection of genotype adaptive to grow and develop in polluted areas and capable of ameliorating or reducing the negative environmental effects of this toxic metal. The two poplar clones I-214 (Populus x canadensis) and Eridano (Populus deltoides x maximowiczii) are, respectively, tolerant and sensitive to ozone (O3) exposure. Because stress tolerance is mediated by an array of overlapping defence mechanisms, we tested the hypothesis that these two clones differently sensitive to O3 stress factor also exhibit different tolerance to Cd. With this purpose, an outdoor pot experiment was designed to study the responses of I-214 and Eridano to the distribution of different Cd solutions enriched with CdCl2 (0, 50 and 150 ?M) for 35 days. Changes in leaf area, biomass allocation and Cd uptake, photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, leaf concentration of nutrients and pigments, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) production and thiol compounds were investigated. The two poplar clones showed similar sensitivity to excess Cd in terms of biomass production, photosynthesis activity and Cd accumulation, though physiological and biochemical traits revealed different defence strategies. In particular, Eridano maintained in any Cd treatment the number of its constitutively wider blade leaves, while the number of I-214 leaves (with lower size) was reduced. H2O2 increased 4.5- and 13-fold in I-214 leaves after the lowest (L) and highest (H) Cd treatments, respectively, revealing the induction of oxidative burst. NO, constitutively higher in I-214 than Eridano, progressively increased in both clones with the enhancement of Cd concentration in the substrate. I-214 showed a more elevated antioxidative capacity (GSH/GSSG) and higher photochemical efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm) and de-epoxidation degree of xantophylls-cycle (DEPS). The glutathione pool was not affected by Cd treatment in both clones, while non-protein thiols and phytochelatins were reduced at L Cd treatment in I-214. Overall, these two clones presented high adaptability to Cd stress and are both suitable to develop and growth in environments contaminated with this metal, thus being promising for their potential use in phytoremediation programmes. (literal)
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