Influence of COMT Val158met polymorphism on Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment in Italian patients (Articolo in rivista)

Type
Label
  • Influence of COMT Val158met polymorphism on Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment in Italian patients (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2012-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#doi
  • 10.3233/JAD-2012-120358 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Lanni C, Garbin G, Lisa A, Biundo F, Ranzenigo A, Sinforiani E, Cuzzoni G, Govoni S, Ranzani GN, Racchi M. (2012)
    Influence of COMT Val158met polymorphism on Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment in Italian patients
    in Journal of Alzheimer's disease; IOS Press, Amsterdam (Paesi Bassi)
    (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#autori
  • Lanni C, Garbin G, Lisa A, Biundo F, Ranzenigo A, Sinforiani E, Cuzzoni G, Govoni S, Ranzani GN, Racchi M. (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 919 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 926 (literal)
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  • http://iospress.metapress.com/content/5233ln3062221205/?genre=article&issn=1387-2877&volume=32&issue=4&spage=919 (literal)
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  • 32 (literal)
Rivista
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  • 8 (literal)
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  • 4 (literal)
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  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
  • Scopu (literal)
  • PubMe (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#affiliazioni
  • Department of Drug Sciences, Centre of Excellence in Applied Biology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; Institute of Molecular Genetics, CNR, Pavia, Italy; Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ospedale S. Orsola Fatebenefratelli, Brescia, Italy; Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Unit/Laboratory of Neuropsychology, IRCCS \"C. Mondino, National Institute of Neurology\" Foundation, Pavia, Italy; A.S.P.S. Margherita Geriatric Department, Pavia, Italy (literal)
Titolo
  • Influence of COMT Val158met polymorphism on Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment in Italian patients (literal)
Abstract
  • COMT (Catechol-O methyltransferase) gene is one of the key players in synaptic plasticity and in learning and memory mechanisms. A single nucleotide polymorphism (rs4680; G to A) in the COMT coding region causes Val158Met aminoacid substitution in the corresponding protein, with Val allele exhibiting a 3- to 4-fold increase in enzyme activity compared to Met. With the purpose of examining the influence of COMT as a genetic risk factor for cognitive impairment, we analyzed a sample of 248 healthy subjects, 276 patients affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 70 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), the latter condition possibly representing a prodrome for dementia. All subjects were analyzed for COMT rs4680 polymorphism and APOE genotype. Our study strengthens data showing that APOE ?4 allele is an independent risk factor for AD and also a risk factor for MCI. Neither COMT alleles nor genotypes proved to be independently associated with the risk of AD or MCI in our sample. However, we found an association between COMT GG genotype (Val/Val) and APOE ?4 carrier status and the risk of AD and MCI. In particular, when GG genotype is included into the multinomial analysis, the risk of AD and MCI due to APOE ?4 allele is increased to about 2-3 fold; moreover, the risk conferred by the combination of G and ?4 alleles is more pronounced in male patients. To our knowledge, this synergistic effect is here shown for the first time on a population sample representative of Caucasian patients. (literal)
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