MEDiterranean Database (Banca dati)

  • MEDiterranean Database (Banca dati) (literal)
  • 2007-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Alternative label
  • Canitano Giovanni, Ferragina Anna Maria (2007)
    MEDiterranean Database
  • Canitano Giovanni, Ferragina Anna Maria (literal)
  •§ionid=11&id=56&Itemid=304 (literal)
  • Altro (literal)
  • ISSM-CNR (literal)
  • MEDiterranean Database (literal)
  • During the making of the second edition of the volume \"Mediterranean Economies\", the Annual Report of ISSM on the Mediterranean, it was also prepared a Second Edition of the Database held by the Institute. This database is not only an updating of the previous one but also a radical improvement of it, not only in terms of the quality of the tables, notes and sources, but also of the time span covered and of the content, which was enlarged, to include two new fields, such as financial statistics and statistics on energy, which were a serious deficiency in the previous database. This database, while preserving its internal function, also seeks to satisfy a demand for Mediterranean statistics, offering an updated selection of the most significant social, economic, environmental and energy data to whoever may be interested, in a convenient format (Excel tables), easily accessible and downloadable. As in the previous edition, data have been organised both by country and by Mediterranean sub-regional areas. The classification adopted follows the one introduced by the European Commission in the Europe2000+ Report, which, on the basis of geo-morphological data, divides the Mediterranean into six environmental areas: Latin Rim (Q1); Adriatic Valley (Q2); North African Front (Q3); Libyan-Egyptian Bend (Q4); Middle Eastern Facade (Q5); Anatolian-Balkan Bridge (Q6). Under the term \"Latin Rim\" are grouped the European Mediterranean countries, with the exception of Greece, and Malta; in the Adriatic Valley, Albania and the ex-Yugoslavian Republics; in the North African Front, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; in the Libyan-Egyptian Bend, Libya and Egypt; in the Middle Eastern Façade, Israel and its bordering countries, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Palestine; finally, in the Anatolian-Balkan Bridge are included Greece, Turkey and Cyprus. The time-span varies according to the statistics considered and to the most recent data available when the updating was completed (end of 2005). When it was possible, we tried to go back to the previous decades. The demographic data cover the longest period (from 1950); most economic statistics are taken from 1980, but some of them only cover the latter 15 years or the latest available data. As far as the statistical sources are concerned, we have given priority to international sources which offer greater reliability and comparability. In Chapter 1, related to POPULATION (population, density, demographic projections, last census), we made use of two databases from the World Bank: the Health, Nutrition and Population Indicators database and the World Development Indicators database; for the demographic projections we used: World Urbanization Prospects, UN, 2003; for census data: UN, Statistics division, Population and Housing Census Dates. Chapter 2, devoted to OTHER DEMOGRAPHIC STATISTICS (fertility, birth and death rate, child mortality, life expectancy) was mainly based on World Bank, Health, Nutrition and Population Indicators database. The collection of data on MIGRATION, in chapter 3, has proved more complex and fragmentary. For the stock of foreign population the data are taken from OECD International Migration Data, and the OECD database on immigrants and expatriates, while for the employment sector of immigrants they were taken from Trend in International Migration, Annual Report, 2003. As for the economic statistics, World Bank is one of the main sources, together with OECD, WTO, IMF, UNCTAD and Eurostat In particular, for data on NATIONAL ACCOUNTS (chapter 4), such as gross domestic and national product, GDP expenditure, GDP by economic sectors, gross capital formation, we used both World Bank, World Development Indicators database and IMF, World Economic Outlook. For data on FOREIGN TRADE and INVESTMENT in chapter 5, two main sources were used: for aggregate data, the World Bank, World Development Indicators database, 2005 for the period 1980-2003, for trade by sectors and products UNCTAD, Handbook of Statistics 2005. For import-export between Italy and the Southern Mediterranean countries and for market shares of world trade by geographic area the statistics derive from the Eurostat Comext database, 2005. For foreign direct investments and foreign remittances, at aggregate level, data are from UNCTAD and in particular from the Handbook of Statistics 2005, the World Investment Report and its PDI/TN database, while data on FDI disaggregated by geographic partner (Foreign Direct Investment by partner country - Inflows and outflows) are from Eurostat, FDI statistics. FINANCIAL STATISTICS (chapter 10), are all taken from World Bank, World Development Indicators database, 2005. For the SOCIAL STATISTICS in chapter 6, relative to the health system, we referred mainly to the World Bank, World Development Indicators database, 2005, whose data draw upon three sources: World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the updating made by the UNICEF for the United Nations Millennium Indicators. For the school enrolments and the education expenditure in the same chapter we adopted UNESCO data and for the labour market statistics World Bank, World Development Indicators, database and statistics from the International Labour Organization (for labour cost in national currency). Research, technology, communication and information technologies data are mainly taken from UNESCO, Selected R&D indicators and from World Bank, World Development Indicators database, 2005. Statistic on poverty are from UNDP, Human Development Report, 2005. The statistics on WATER RESOURCES (Chapter 7) are drawn from the database of the World Resources Institute, 2000-2001, by FAO, Aquastat database, by UNICEF, The State of World's Children, by World Bank, Health, Nutrition and Population indicators database. Other ENVIRONMENTAL STATISTICS (chapter 8), such as land, forests, protected areas, protected species, are from World Resources Institute, Earth Trend Database, 2005. For the URBAN STATISTICS of chapter 9 we mainly used the results of the 1998 UNCHS programme on urban centres (Global Urban indicators database 1998) but also the World Bank, Health, Nutrition and Population Indicators database and UN, World Urbanization Prospects, the 2001 Revision. Finally, chapter 11, on ENERGY, draws upon the International Energy Annual, 2003 from the Energy Information Administration and from the World Bank, World Development Indicators database, 2005. To have a synoptic view of the entire database, a framework with indication of chapters, tables, years, data sources and web site links is provided in the excel file titled Plan. A comparison is also made between the previous edition and the updating and enlargement of the new edition. (literal)
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