Long-term effects of recommended management practices on soil carbon changes and sequestration in north-eastern Italy. (Articolo in rivista)

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  • Long-term effects of recommended management practices on soil carbon changes and sequestration in north-eastern Italy. (Articolo in rivista) (literal)
Anno
  • 2006-01-01T00:00:00+01:00 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#doi
  • 10.1111/j.1475-2743.2005.00006.x (literal)
Alternative label
  • Morari F; Lugato E; Berti A; Giardini L. (2006)
    Long-term effects of recommended management practices on soil carbon changes and sequestration in north-eastern Italy.
    in Soil use and management; British society of soil science, Cranfield (Regno Unito)
    (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#autori
  • Morari F; Lugato E; Berti A; Giardini L. (literal)
Pagina inizio
  • 71 (literal)
Pagina fine
  • 81 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#numeroVolume
  • 22 (literal)
Rivista
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#pagineTotali
  • 11 (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#numeroFascicolo
  • 1 (literal)
Note
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (literal)
Http://www.cnr.it/ontology/cnr/pubblicazioni.owl#affiliazioni
  • Dipartimento di Agronomia Ambientale e Produzioni Vegetali, Agripolis, Universita` di Padova, viale dell'Universit√† 16, 35020, Legnaro, Padova, Italy (literal)
Titolo
  • Long-term effects of recommended management practices on soil carbon changes and sequestration in north-eastern Italy. (literal)
Abstract
  • Management practices can have significant implications for both soil quality and carbon (C) sequestration potential in agricultural soils. Data from two long-term trials (one at field scale and the other at lysimeter scale), underway in north-eastern Italy, were used to evaluate the dynamics of soil organic carbon (SOC) and estimate the impact of recommended management practices (RMPs) on soil carbon sequestration. Potential SOC sequestration was calculated as the differences between the change in SOC of treatments differing only for the specified RMP for a period of at least 25 years. The trials compared the following situations: (a) improved crop rotations versus monoculture; (b) grass versus improved crop rotations; (c) residue incorporation versus residue removal; (d) high versus low rates of inorganic fertilizers; (e) integrated nutrient management/organic manures versus inorganic fertilizers. At the lysimeter scale, some of these treatments were evaluated in different soils. A general decrease in SOC (1.1 t C ha)1 year)1) was observed after the introduction of intensive soil tillage, evidencing both the worsening of soil quality and the contribution towards global CO2 emissions. Initial SOC content was maintained only in permanent grassland, complex rotations and/or with the use of large quantities of livestock manure. SOC sequestration reached a maximum rate of 0.4 t C ha)1 year)1 comparing permanent grassland with an improved crop rotation. Crop residue incorporation and rates of inorganic fertilizer had less effect on SOC sequestration (0.10 and 0.038 t C ha)1 year)1, respectively). The lysimeter experiment highlighted also the interaction between RMPs and soil type. Peaty soil tended to be a source of C independent of the amount and quality of C input, whereas a proper choice of tillage practices and organic manures enhanced SOC sequestration in a sandy soil. The most promising RMPs in the Veneto region are, therefore, conversion to grassland and use of organic manures. Although some of these RMPs are already supported by the Veneto Region Rural Development Plan, their more intensive and widespread implementation requires additional incentives to become economically feasible. (literal)
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