Descrizione di Istituto di teoria e tecniche dell'informazione giuridica (ITTIG)
- Descrizione di Istituto di teoria e tecniche dell'informazione giuridica (ITTIG) (literal)
- Description of Institute of legal information theory and technology (ITTIG) (literal)
The Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques (ITTIG) came into being as a result of the reorganisation of the National Research Council set in motion by the Presidential Decree of the 12nd october 2001. It is a product of the fusion of the Institute for Legal Documentation, based in Florence, and the Research Centre for the Study of Roman Law and Legal Systems based in Rome.
The Institute for Legal Documentation had been set up in 1968 in order to continue the work of the Italian Legal Vocabulary Opus, one of the first projects promoted by the Committee for legal sciences of the CNR with the administrative and technical support of the Accademia della Crusca. From the 1980s on, its work was orientated specifically towards the documentation of Italian legal doctrine but subsequently it extended its competencies to cover the automatic documentation of legislation, of law, of legal doctrine, and the field of computer law. More recently its work has also covered the application of computing technology to the various fields of legal doctrine.
Since its inception in 1997, the Research Centre for the study of Roman Law and Legal Systems has specialised in the research and documentation of the diffusion of Roman Law in relation to different legal systems (on the basis of the theoretical and methodological inspiration drawn from the Research Group on the diffusion of Roman Law, set up in 1972, and its journal Index).
The many research relationships already existing between these two bodies of the CNR, the convergence of interests in the strengthening of research activity, as well as the prospect of carrying out complementary work has encouraged the merger of the IDG and the Centre and subsequently the setting up in Rome of a section of the IDG, into which the current expertise of the Research Centre for the study of Roman Law and Legal Systems would flow and possibly expand. Thus an even more accentuated integration between the historical-legal expertise of the Centre and the linguistic and computer-documentary expertise of the IDG has got underway.
The Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques of the C.N.R. has as its objective the carrying out of research and the creation of applications to do with the use of information and communication technology in the legal field. Its scholarly production is located in the interdisciplinary area in which the practice and the study of law meet with information technologies and with the study of language, documentation and communications, thus giving rise to a most innovative and highly prestigious cultural zone. In particular the Institutes specific interests cover: the documentation of law and legal language, legislative and legal decision techniques, the formation of lawyers, as well as information technology law.
As part of the CNRs first three-year plan, in the three years 2001-2003 the Florentine centre of the Institute is developing programmes orientated towards two fundamental objectives:
1. New technologies and innovation of public institutions: a theoretical and applicative study of documentary and computing methodology for the production, archiving and diffusion of information, with the scope of the development and progressive integration and harmonization of public information systems;
2. Information technologies and legal sciences: theoretical studies, applications and documentation on the relationship between computing and law, with particular reference to computing for the teaching of law and to legal problems of public information and information and communication technologies.
The Rome Giorgio La Pira sections primary objective is essentially the study and the documentation of the function of Roman Law throughout the world in the formation of legal practitioners, in the framework of the comparison and interaction between large systems and single instances:research and documentation on Roman Law as the basis of a great number of different national legal systems,collection and diffusion, including through the use of information technology and data communication, of Roman Law or Roman Law derived texts, creation of a data-base and observatory on the teaching of Roman Law in the world.
This, obviously, does not exclude in future the transferral to the Roman section of other activities already carried out by the IDG in collaboration with the CDRSG, or the enlargement in the context of the Institutes three-year programme- of its legal research and documentation agenda, with the consequent strengthening of the section.
Both the research activity of the Institute and its provision of a multiplicity of services (the production of a legal data-base, the electronic diffusion of legal information, the creation and distribution of specialised information products; publishing; teaching and education) fall within the scope of these objectives. The challenge that the ITTIG feels able to successfully meet is that of constituting a structure of inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary research excellence able to provide adequate answers for the continuously incrementing requirements of public institutions and civil society in a scholarly environment that is still almost entirely lacking in other academic institutions.
3. Areas of activity.
According to its constituent decree, the thematic areas the Institute is expected to cover are the following:
1. Techniques and methods for legal documentation and for the creation of administrative and legal information systems
2. Techniques and methods for the electronic analysis, production and evaluation of legal acts 3. Formal models for the organisation of legal knowledge
4. Techniques and methods for the historical and linguistic analysis of legal documents 5. Technology for the teaching and the evaluation of legal learning 6. Legal problems connected to the use of information and telecommunication technology 7. Documentation on greater legal systems with particular regard to continental legal systems and their basis in Roman Law
For practical reasons these thematic areas were then grouped together by resolution of the Institute Committee into three scholarly-
- Documentation and legal information systems
- Legal information technology
- Law and public-information and information technology policy
The institute is divided into research sections that correspond to these three large disciplinary areas of interest. There is also a territorial Section (Rome Giorgio La Pira section) with its own academic and budgetary autonomy.
3. External relations. The targets of the Institutes activity are legal practitioners that practice in the Public administration and in private bodies. The institutes natural interlocutors are all those scholars of collateral disciplines pertinent to the Institute working in universities or other research institutions.
The Institute fosters collaborative scholarly relationships with analogous international and European Community bodies as well as with single countries also through the exchange of experiences and personnel. The Institute offers consultancy in its sectors of expertise through conventions with public bodies and research contracts and by providing technical-scholarly services with respect to its institutional goals taking into account their impact on resources and its image.
The ITTIG also offers training for academic and technical personnel in particular from the public administration, and it collaborates with universities for the teaching of legal information technology and for the acquiring of a doctorate in the areas that its competencies span. (literal)
- L'elemento che caratterizza le attività di ricerca dellITTIG è la rilettura dei temi tradizionali della scienza giuridica attraverso le tecnologie dellinformazione e della comunicazione, oggi riferibile alle discipline dellinformatica giuridica e del diritto dellinformatica.
I campi di indagine coprono svariati settori tra cui le metodologie e strategie di recupero dellinformazione, lanalisi della qualità dei testi giuridici, la misurazione del diritto, la concettualizzazione e modellizzazione del ragionamento giuridico, lindagine sul linguaggio giuridico sia come studio storico sia come elaborazione computazionale.
Le competenze dellITTIG includono altresì lo studio delle questioni giuridiche connesse allutilizzo delle tecnologie da parte delle pubbliche amministrazioni in particolare alla realizzazione dellamministrazione digitale, ed alla ricadute sulla vita dei cittadini.
Su tutti questi temi lITTIG fornisce consulenza e partecipa alla formazione di giuristi e informatici, fornendo un forum per il dibattito critico sugli aspetti sociali, culturali e politici del diritto
Sul piano applicativo, lITTIG crea e distribuisce banche dati giuridiche e progetta software specialistici e strumenti per la diffusione dellinformazione in rete e per linteroperabilità dei dati pubblici.
Il forte orientamento internazionale dellITTIG si riflette nelle varie cooperazioni e partnership europee e internazionali attraverso cui si realizza la missione dellIstituto. (literal)
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